Knee Bursitis causes, symptoms and treatment

Knee Bursitis causes, symptoms and treatment

Knee Bursitis causes, symptoms and treatment

Bursa is a small, sac-like fluid-filled cavity that reduces friction and pressure between the joints. Knee bursitis is a condition that causes inflammation of a bursa in the knee joint.

What is Knee Bursitis?

Knee bursitis causes pain and can limit your mobility. Treatment for knee bursitis often includes a combination of self-care practices and doctor-administered treatments to alleviate pain and inflammation.

There are 4 types of Knee Bursitis:

  1. prepatellar Bursa.
  2. Infrapatellar Bursa
  3. Suprapatellar Bursa
  4. Semimembranosus Bursa
What Causes Knee bursitis?

Knee Bursities caused due to:

  • Excessive pressure on the bursa due to kneeling for a long time.
  • Repetitive friction due to jumping, kicking, muscle tightness
  • Infection of the bursa
  • Medical condition like osteoarthritis, arthritis or gout

Symptoms of Knee bursitis:

  • Burning Knee Pain
  • Instability
  • Difficulty in walking or felling stiffness
  • Crunching sounds from the knees
  • Paining whiling kneeling down
  • Redness of the knee
Risk factors

Risk of developing painful Knee buries may increase from:-

  • Prolonged kneeling: people who work a long time on knee have more risk of knee bursitis.
  • Participation in certain sports: playing hard sports like running for a long time and lifting heavyweight which increase knee bursitis
  • Obesity and osteoarthritis: Pes anserine bursitis, affecting the inner side of your knee below the joint, often occurs in obese women with osteoarthritis.
  • Other medical conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis or gout
Diagnosis of Bursitis Knee:

Doctor initiates the diagnosis of knee bursitis by reviewing the medical history and signs and check the symptoms and knee bursitis is diagnosed based on the location of the knee bursa is showing inflammation.

  • Evaluate the skin near the tender region for redness or other signs of infection
  • Determine the knee movement and its flexibility
  • Detect the source of pain
  • X-ray:-
    X-ray is the diagnostic test performed to reveal the problems with fracture of a bone or with a joint.
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI):
    An MRI is a medical procedure that uses magnetic and radiofrequency to capture the detailed images of organs, soft tissues, bones and other internal body structures. In knee bursitis, it helps in visualizing the affected bursae.
  • Ultrasound:
    Ultrasound is performed to view the internal organs of the body by using high-frequency sound waves. Ultrasound captures the images of the affected bursa to determine the swelling in knee bursitis.
Treatment for Knee bursitis:
  • Cold therapy to reduce the pain and swelling
  • Anti-inflammatory medications for reducing the inflammation
  • Analgesics (painkillers) for reducing the pain
  • Knee aspiration for draining the excess fluid
  • Adequate rest
  • Physical therapy
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Dr. Nataraj H M
Dr. Nataraj H M